We are into Cloud computing age, the technology largely being used by individuals and enterprises as well, to store their crucial business data. Usually called as “Cloud Storage”, or “Online Data Storage”, it provides enterprises to access or share their data remotely which immensely increase the capabilities and efficiencies. But the coming days is of DNA-based storage. The DNA-based data storage doesn’t get degraded over the period as you may experience in most of other storage devices.

Scientists across the globe are conducting research as to how DNA can help storing data. Because DNA remains for the longer period for thousands of years- if researchers found the way to store data using DNA, it cannot be deteriorated for thousands of years are thus important records can be stored for a longer period.

Several organizations, for instance, Microsoft have invested a huge amount in this research project. Actually, DNA contains information about a living creature that pushed such organization to do research on the possibilities of storing data using DNA. Another important thing about DNA is that it’s very compact. A small piece of DNA can store huge amount of data.

With each passing days, a huge amount of data is being generated by various devices, mostly by social media sites. Gone were the days when a floppy disk or compact disk could enough to store our data. But the growing volume of data necessitates researchers to find out an alternative that would meet our future storage needs. The researchers Yaniv Erlich and Zielinski have demonstrated in the research published in the journal “Science” as to how DNA may store information.

The report states that the researchers stored 6 files into 72,000 DNA strands, each 200 bases long. The files contained a film, a gift card, an operating system, a computer virus, a Pioneer plaque, and a study by information theorist-Claude Shannon.

The researchers mapped the bits of the files to DNA nucleotides. Thereafter, they synthesized those nucleotides and stored the molecules in a test-tube. Further to pack the information, they devised a strategy, called DNA Fountain, that utilizes mathematical notion from coding theory. That was the strategy that allowed them to achieve the optimal packing the most challenging aspect of the study.

The researchers, in order to retrieve the data, used DNA sequencing technology and a software to change the genetic code back into binary code. After they retrieved the data, the sequenced the molecules which are the fundamental process. The noteworthy things were that the data recovered was error-free.

The researchers believe that it’s time to move to a more advanced technology. He says, “DNA has been around for over 3 billion years, and humanity is improbable to give up its efficiency to read these molecules. If it does, we’ll have much larger obstacle than data storage.

We are very optimistic”- he replied when asked as to when this technology could be made available. “It could take around a decade,” he said. He further stated that the research is still in early phase.

Eventually, the researchers have paved the hope that in future we may have a better storage mechanism, even better than an online data storage.